Wild Areas of the Northern Appalachian/Acadian Ecoregion

Dec 2, 2013 (Last modified Dec 20, 2013)
Uploaded by 2C1Forest
Description:
The Wild Areas of the Northern Appalachian/Acadian ecoregion are those areas with a Human Footprint score equal to or less that 10 (HF <= 10). These are the 10% wildest, or least human influenced places in the ecoregion.

The Human Footprint (HF) of the Northern Appalachian/Acadian ecoregion measures the extent and relative intensity of human influence on terrestrial ecosystems at a resolution of 90 m using best available data sets on human settlement (population density, dwelling density, urban areas), access (roads, rail lines), landscape transformation (landuse/landcover, dams, mines, watersheds), and electrical power infrastructure (utility corridors).

The Human Footprint is calculated by assigning Human Influence (HI) scores of 0 to 10 to geographic data layers that map features of human activity. Where 0 is no human influence (no conversion from natural state) and 10 is maximum human influence (complete conversion e.g. urban areas, road surfaces). HI scores from assigned to data layers are combined together to calculate the Human Influence Index (HII), that measures total direct human impact.

The Human Footprint is a relative measure of human impact - relative to the ecological context. The Human Footprint is calculated by normalizing the Human Influence Index (HII) within ecological subunits within the study area using the equation HFi = [(HIIi - HIImin_j) * 100] / (HIIma_j - HIImin_j) where i represents the cell and j represents the ecologic subunit of which the cell is a member.
Data Provided By:
Wildlife Conservation Society Canada
Content date:
not specified
Citation:
Woolmer, G., Trombulak, S.C., Ray, J.C., Doran, P.J., Anderson, M.G., Baldwin, R.F., Morgan, A. and Sanderson, E.W. 2008. Rescaling the Human Footprint: A tool for conservation planning at an ecoregional scale .Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol  87 Issue 1. p 42–53
Spatial Resolution:
90.0 (meter)
Contact Organization:
Wildlife Conservation Society Canada
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Use Constraints:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License.
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About the Uploader

2C1Forest
with Two Countries, One Forest

2C1Forest is a major Canadian-U.S. collaborative of 50 conservation organizations, researchers, and foundations working to conserve and restore the forests and natural heritage of the Northern Appalachian Acadian ecoregion. Our Vision: 2C1Forest will work for the transformation of parks, refuges and...